Malaria is a very serious disease in humans caused by a parasite, Plasmodium, which is transmitted via the bite of an infected mosquito (Anopheles). In the human body, the Plasmodium parasites multiply in the liver and then infect red blood cells.
Malaria kills more than one million people each year. 80% of all malaria victims are located in the sub-Saharan region of Africa. Children under the age of five are particularly vulnerable.
Malaria related-illnesses and mortalities cost Africa’s economy USD 12 billion every year.
Malaria can quickly become fatal if left untreated. Symptoms usually appear between 10 and 15 days after infection and include fever, headache, and vomiting.
In many parts of the world, the parasites have developed resistance to a number of malaria medicines. Quinine however, has demonstrated a surprisingly high level of resistance in comparison.